Measure IX is extremely rare and is shown here mainly for completeness. It is unlikely that it will be necessary to produce a Measure IX word, but one should know how to recognize the measure. Measure IX has the colors/defects meaning. It means to become a specific color or bodily defect. The most common occurrences are with color. For example, to become red (to blush), to turn yellow (become pale).
The most identifiable feature of Measure IX is the shadda over the 3rd root letter, or the doubling of the third root letter.
Here is a conjugation table for Measure IX.
The Measure IX does not have a Passive voice.
The Verbal Noun (المصدر) is basically the verb functioning as a noun. Another grammatical term that has the same meaning is gerund. However, this term is not used in Arabic grammar. The verbal noun carries the meaning of performing the action of the verb. In English, words such as eating, dancing, singing, sleeping, running, etc. are basic equivalents to the verbal noun in Arabic.
The Verbal Noun for Measure IX is regular.
Warning: Do not confuse the Verbal Noun with the English progressive tense. You would not use the verbal noun to indicate an ongoing progressive action, such as "I am eating", "I am writing", "I am reading", etc. You might use a verbal noun to say things like "I like reading", "I hate writing", "Eating is fun", etc. In these three examples, the -ing words all function as nouns.
Active & Passive Participle
The Active Participle is the noun which is the "doer" of the verb or the person/thing that performs the action of the verb. Some examples in English are writer, runner, baker, teacher, student, etc. The active participle for measure V is fairly regular in Arabic.
The Passive Participle - Measure IX does not have a Passive Participle
You will notice that the active participle does not follow the standard pattern of using a kasra and instead uses a fatha. This is the convention that is used. The active participle often carries a meaning that we would normally associate with the passive participle. Therefore, it just makes sense that it would be voweled in the passive. However, strictly speaking, Measure IX does not have a passive voice and it is called the active participle, even though it is voweled as a passive one.
The plural for active and passive participles that denote a person is formed by suffixing ون for masculine and ات for feminine.
The plural for participles that denote inanimate objects use ات regardless of gender.
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